Harvey Young is the twelfth in the series of Profiles of Soil Health Heroes. Harvey lives in Knox County, Tennessee. He is retired from AT&T. Harvey was in the market for a cattle farm in Jefferson County for twenty years. His dream became reality in 1999 when he purchased a farm in New Market, Tennessee. The farm's soils are predominately Dewey and Decatur silt loam. Slopes range from nearly flat to approximately 12% slope. The original acres were 98. Harvey recently purchased and converted some unimproved forestland to grass making the farm 128 acres. Mr. Young operates a cow/calf operation, and he currently has 50 cows and 40 calves. He produces forage for grazing and for hay. Three fields are designated as hay fields and are harvested once in the season, and grazed the rest of the year, as stock-piled pasture. The remaining fields are designated as pasture. The fields range from 4.5 to 14.2 acres. He has approximately ten fields dedicated to hay/pasture. Harvey also grows an organic garden. There are also 5-7 bee hives on the property. He produces honey from apple, poplar, and clover. Besides the cattle, he has two draft horses on the farm, a couple of black Percheon horses. There are a few chickens, guineas, and ducks near the garden. Mr. Young said they do an excellent job of controlling insects around and in the garden.
Read more: Harvey Young
Bill Parker is our 10th in the series of Profiles of Soil Health Heroes. Bill is Chairperson of the Lauderdale County Soil Conservation District (SCD) Board of Supervisors. He is also an officer of the Tennessee Association of Conservation Districts (TACD), serving as secretary. Bill's father also served on the local Lauderdale County SCD Board of supervisors, showing a family line of conservation minded farmers. Bill takes every opportunity to influence others for the cause of conservation. He invited the field staff from Lauderdale County and Haywood County both NRCS and District employees to join us the day that I interviewed him (October 13, 2015). We examined his soil and discussed soil health strategies. Bill has asked me to do the same in March of 2016 with farmers from Lauderdale and Haywood Counties.
Bill's home headquarters is in Durhamville, Tennessee, the south part of Lauderdale County about 5-6 miles north of the Hatchie River. He farms approximately 50 percent of his operation in Lauderdale County and 50 percent in Haywood County. His operation is approximately 5,000 acres, about 1,000 acres are under center pivot irrigation.
Bill is from a long-line of farmers. The original farm was purchased and farmed by Bill's ancestors in 1830. Bill is a sixth generation farmer. He has two sons farming with him making them seventh generation farmers. Bill farms some Hatchie bottoms and creek bottom lands, but the predominant acres are uplands on loess soils. These soils are Loring Silt Loam and Felliciano Silt Loam (formerly mapped Memphis Silt Loam). The slopes are rolling 2-6 percent and highly erodible.
Bill began farming in 1975 using four wheel drive tractors to pull chisel plows and disks. He used conventional tillage in his early farming history. He began farming rotations of corn, wheat, soybeans, and cotton. He began experimenting with no-till soybeans in late 1970s. He gradually moved into no-till with corn and wheat. He was one of the first adopters of no-till cotton, beginning in the late 1980s. As time passed, Bill was in continuous no-till by 1990s, except to repair ruts or small erosion areas and wet spots. One of the traits, I've noticed in our profiles of heroes series is that the crop farmers were one of the first or their families were the early adopters of no-till. Another trait, especially in West Tennessee, is that most of the profiles of heroes began with the use of structural practices to combat concentrated flow induced erosion on the highly erodible soils in West Tennessee. Bill also follows that mold. His great-grandfather began building terraces. Most of Bill's farms have a series of terraces with pipe-outlets and water and sediment control structures. One can see a progression of conservation on Bill's farming operation, concentrated flow structural conservation practices, to continuous no-till, to diverse crop rotations, and to cover crops.
Read more: Bill Parker