Using the Roller/Crimper to Improve Soil Health
Richard (Dick) Hashe is the fourth in our series of Profiles of Soil Health Heroes. Dick is not only a 4th generation farmer, but since 2010, he has worked full time for the McMinn County Soil Conservation District. He handles the administrative duties of the office as well as coordination of District events, such as the renting of District’s equipment to the public. With his dual role as farmer and District Employee, Dick Hashe is an excellent example of a Soil Health Hero.
His ancestors moved down from Lee County, Virginia to Greene County, Tennessee and finally to McMinn County in 1950. The farm was purchased in 1950 and quickly converted to a dairy in 1951, where the enterprise sustained the family until 2009. From 2009 until present, the farm consists of 200 total acres, 115 acres in grain crops, 50 acres in pasture, 15 in woods, and 20 in miscellaneous acres for home, barn, etc.
This profile will focus on the 115 acres of grain crops. The crop fields average 2-5 % slope on reddish-brown limestone soils. He generally produces 20 acres of corn along with 95 acres of soybeans annually. His normal rotation is corn followed by three years of soybeans. Dick soil tests every three years. He maintains his pH at 6.3 to 6.5. His fertility is medium to high, and he applies maintenance amounts of nutrients according to soil test.
In 1969, Dick and his family was one of the first adopters in McMinn County to no-till. They began with 2-row planter with a “subsoiler Pasture Dream” with shoes or points. They understood early the importance of protecting against sheet and rill erosion. They stayed consistent with no-till except for an occasional disking to keep the fields smooth. Last finishing disk was used in 2009. Dick has practiced continuous no-till since 2009. Dick bought a 4-row John Deere Planter in 1982. Other than adjustments to the planter, it is still used on the farm.
While visiting the Hashe farm in April of 2015, we noticed a few fields in little barley (Hordeum pusillum Nutt.) which is a native, annual, cool-season grass that can form dense colonies in some cropland fields in the southeastern United States that are no-tilled